Saturday, 16 December 2017

Load balancing Linux Hosting

A load balancer can distribute connections among two or more servers, proportionally cutting the work each has to do. Load balancing can help with almost any kind of service, including HTTP, DNS, FTP, POP/IMAP, and SMTP. There are many open source load balancing applications, but one simple command-line load balancer, balance, remains one of the most popular available.

Ideally, you should install a load balancer on a dedicated machine that can handle all the incoming connections, with a separate network interface for internal and external connections

Thanks to load balancing, you can keep your servers' connection and download times high, and seamlessly serve the ever-increasing number of clients using the Internet every day.

The load servers work for because the load distribution among these servers is known as load balancing. Load balancing applies to all types of servers.

Load Balanced technology allows a group of servers to intelligently service requests made to a hostname. This high-performance architecture provides for significantly higher performance than can get by a single server.

If a server fails, then the request will be routed to another server. As a result, downtime related to server failures or administrative maintenance significantly reduced.

With, here are some advantages:

  • Connection Speed- do have very fast connections to the Internet, like full T3 fiber-optic 45Mps connections equivalent to about 2000 traditional (28K) modems or 1000 high speed (56K) modems.
  • Powerful Hardware: have most powerful web servers that can be shared by several companies. You can also expect them to have an effective load balancing and necessary backup servers.
  • Security and Stability: servers have more than 99% uptime, the latest software patches, and the best virus protection.
  • 24-hour support: do offer 24-hours support. Don't put yourself in a situation where you cannot fix critical problems without having to wait until the next working day. Live Person help could be vital.
  • Daily Backup: run a secure daily backup routine, otherwise, you may lose some valuable data.
  • Traffic Volume: If your website becomes popular you can always increase your bandwidth.
  • do provide fully supports the email capabilities you need.
  • FrontPage Extensions: fully supports FrontPage server extensions if you plan to use FrontPage to develop your site.
  • Database Access: fully supports the database access you need if you plan to use databases from your site.

Friday, 15 December 2017

Bandwidth or Website Traffic

Bandwidth is significant because files loaded to or from servers uses internet bandwidth to push data along with the network at various speeds.

It is a bunch of wires or fibers connecting servers to a network. Depending on the grade of the cable it determines how much data is coming from the system where your website hosted.

ISP's can put a limitation on bandwidth at certain times during peak periods or charge you a flat fee per month for bandwidth usage.

You can load most files on your website. It excludes, of course, banners and pop-ups and specific documents and images loaded from a central server.

Bandwidth bandits link to images and other files directly to some different server instead of putting them on their local server. There are various reasons as to why they do this, but one idea is to get as much bandwidth as possible to show their links and images.

Bandwidth represents the amount of data transmitted in a fixed amount of time.Browsing the web, sending e-mail and downloading a file occasionally doesn't consume much bandwidth. Downloading or uploading video or huge audio files will use much more of it. At the moment 2-3% of internet users consume about 90% of the overall available bandwidth. For this reason, other users may experience setbacks in performance and slowdowns. Bandwidth is all about the type of the connection, and the amount of data specific connection type allows transferred in a specific period.

The internet, in the simplest of terms, is a group of millions of computers connected by networks. These connections within the internet can be large or small depending on the cabling and equipment used at a particular internet location. It is the size of each network connection that determines how much bandwidth is available


Traffic is merely the number of bits transferred on network connections.Depending upon the network connection between the website and the internet, the transfer may occur very quickly, or it could take time if other people are also downloading files at the same time.

These are the factors on which bandwidth relies upon. It can vary from network to network and from one host to another.

  1. Upstream and Downstream Bandwidth: Also called Upload Bandwidth determines the amount of data that can be sent (uploaded) to the Internet. This is very important for transmitting data and uploading files to the server.
  2. Downstream or Download type of Bandwidth determines the amount of data received from the Internet. It is important for downloading the files from the Internet.
  3. Basic Consumer Bandwidth, LAN Bandwidth, WAN Bandwidth solutions: Basic Consumer Internet access most commonly provided by Dial-Up, DSL or Cable connections. Each of these types of connections allows a certain amount of data transmitted in a fixed amount of time.

LAN (Local Area Network) stands for a group of computers and associated devices that share a standard communications line or wireless link. A local area network may have as few as two or three users (for example, in a home network) or as many as thousands of users (for example, in an FDDI network). The most widely used local area network connection technology is Ethernet. Others take Ring technology, FDDI, and ARCNET. LAN can also use wireless technology. Bandwidth allowed in a specific LAN community depends on the type of connection technology used.

WAN (Wide Area Networks) are connections between business organizations and the outside world. A WAN may also be part of a private network that extends across multiple business locations in a city, across the country or even worldwide. Typically WAN represents LAN of the particular organization connected to the outside world. The most common WAN connection is a T1 line. To expand Bandwidth, multiple T1 lines may be bond together. Another high bandwidth protocol for business connectivity is DS3 over fiber optic SONET service or a T3 line. One of the most popular solutions is Ethernet. Ethernet that runs on LAN can be extended to the WAN.

Most personal or small business sites will not need more than 1GB of bandwidth per month. If you have a website that is composed of static web pages and you expect little traffic to your site on a daily basis, go with a low bandwidth plan. If you go over the amount of bandwidth allocated in your plan, your hosting company could charge you over usage fees, so if you think the traffic to your site will be significant, you may want to go through the calculations above to estimate the amount of bandwidth required in a hosting plan.

Cpwebhosting provides various hosting plans which comprise of bandwidth suited exactly to the needs of the plan for any assistance you may have a look at our various hosting plans at

Adult Web Hosting

The adult web hosting means hosting an adult site, so you need to remember that this is the most critical aspect of your adult website. Facts like shared or dedicated adult web hosting, the maximum allowed bandwidth, the average uptime of the server and the server space should be critically taken into consideration while researching for your adult web host.

You can go for shared hosting it can be a better one for you, so most web hosts provide shared web hosting by default.

For an adult website, on the other hand, one should go for dedicated web hosting because if you host an adult website, then you'll apparently be storing hundreds of images there.

You may feel apprehensive about leaving your crucial data on someone else's web host.So there should be a datacenter also.

You should consult all legal issues, so there are some web hosting companies that have problems with hosting adult content. Before booking the server space and uploading your website, you should make it clear to your web host that you're planning to host an adult website on their server.

Since the dawn of time, it seems that sex sells. Naturally, this is a niche to get into and make some money, but it is involved in adult hosting and what do we need to do to get our feet off the ground and start our own business, hobby or network or where should we look to get what we need.

Unlike regular hosting clients, adult hosting customers need more, but also are willing to spend more to get it. It’s quite a competitive industry with lots of options and way to go.

 Many shared hosting providers have policies against adult hosting. We might be able to get away with non-nude or slightly nude images, like lingerie, see thru clothes or other scantily clad wear, however, for the most part.

It is unaccepted. This is where the search begins. Ideally, if we have plans to grow and we see a future in what we are doing, do not choose a web host that doesn’t give us any room to grow.

At least we need to make sure that if we grow out of the current plan that we will be able to upgrade to a better product offering and so on. Even small hobby sites will outgrow their hosting account, so we need to keep this in mind.

The adult consumer is a far more experienced shopper in many respects when searching for a host, whether they are new to hosting or have an existing web presence. Being realistic is the central area where thinking differs.

Now, this does not always happen to a regular website, but it does happen about some of the time. Adult hosting is entirely different. Users will know they will use lots of CPU, RAM, storage and so on, so we need to shop smart.

Just like sensible, especially for this industry. Does it look too good to be true? Do our homework. Don’t go for the marketing. In our industry, it is better to go word of mouth than to see advertisements for significant numbers and low prices.

We will be disappointed if we fall into the marketing trap. There is significant money to be made, so spend a little more to ensure that we do get what we need. The most important factor when choosing an adult host is the way of support and quality of service, in no particular order.

Web hosts are not there to teach us how to do things as we should already have that in mind and how we should implement it.

Is our website just for hobby asked or do we want to have a store, image site, have live video feeds or other forms of media? Our web host needs to be able to offer those features to we and should have additional similar websites as current clients, so call up those web hosts and ask for references to different domains they hosts.

We do not necessarily have to contact companies, but our research will show that these websites are in good working order for adult hosting. Do we need Windows media streaming or Quicktime or both? Does our web host know what they concern about?

Do hosting companies have separate servers for media streaming which would be mutually exclusive from the actual web serving means web site hosted on a different server than the media files of the website? These are some of the questions we need to ask.

Web Hosting Options

If you have an ISP that doesn't offer Web space, free Web hosting is good. There are many free hosting providers and a lot of them offer advanced services like CGI, shell access, PHP, SSI, and other advanced topics. Free hosting is usually supported by advertising.
Free hosting is best for personal Web pages and very small business Web pages. Because they are supported by advertising, they are not ideal for any serious business. If you plan to run a business on your site, free hosting is great for testing your site and preparing the pages, but not good for running the business unless you can turn off the advertising.

Domain hosting 

It can be hard to understand. Instead of paying for the Web page space, you pay for your domain and then have your Web site hosted anywhere you like. With Domain hosting, you can use your ISP or free hosting service, and still reap the benefits of having a personalized Web site URL. Domain name hosting is sometimes referred to as URL redirection.
Domain name hosting is perfect for small businesses that don't have a lot of money to spend on Web hosting.


collocation puts your Web server in the machine room of a larger company. You connect to their very high-speed Internet connection. collocation comes in managed and unmanaged versions.collocation is a great option for small to medium-sized businesses that want more control over their Web hosting. With managed collocation, it's almost like having an IT department, even if your company is still fairly small

Direct Internet Access

With direct access, you host your site yourself. You need a Web server computer and software and a very high-speed Internet connection with a dedicated IP address.

Hosting your site yourself offers you the most control over your Web server. Companies that have large data centers or just want to control every aspect of their Web and Internet access should look into this type of hosting. Be sure to contact your ISP before setting up a direct connection on a DSL or consumer ISP connection.

Internet Service Provider

If you want to use the Internet, you need to have an Internet Service Provider (ISP). And many ISPs include a small amount of free Web space to create Web pages quickly and easily. ISP Web pages are perfect for people who want to put up small sites with low amounts of traffic. There are usually rate restrictions, and most ISPs don't offer a lot of features with their Web space.

ISP hosting is best for personal Web pages that don't get a lot of traffic. If you plan to run a business, you should only use your ISP hosting for testing and preparation of your site, rather than the site itself.

Windows Processing Certificates & Media publishing

Microsoft Certificate Server provides services for processing certificate requests and issuing digital certificates. Certificate Server performs the following steps when processing a certificate request:

Server Engine

The server engine is the core component of Certificate Server. The engine acts as a broker for all requests it receives from the entry modules, driving the flow of information between components during the processing of a request and generation of a certificate. At each processing stage, the engine interacts with the various modules to ensure appropriate action is taken based on the state of the request.
The intermediary is the architectural component that receives new certificate requests from clients and submits them to the server engine.
The intermediary is composed of two parts, the intermediary application that performs actions on behalf of clients, and the Certificate Server Client Interface that handles communications between the intermediary application and the server engine.
Intermediaries can be written to handle certificate requests from different types of clients, across multiple-transports or according to policy-specific criteria.
Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) is an intermediary that provides support for clients over HTTP. Intermediaries can also check on the status of a previously submitted request and obtain the Certificate Server's configuration information.

Certificate Publication

The Server Engine stores the completed certificate in the certificate store and notifies the intermediary application of the request status. If the exit module has so requested, the Server Engine will notify it of a certificate issuance event. This allows the exit module to perform further operations such as publishing the certificate to a directory service. Meanwhile, the intermediary gets the published certificate from the certificate store and passes it back to the client.

Policy Module

The policy module contains the set of rules governing issuance, renewal, and revocation of certificates. All requests received by the server engine passed to the policy module for validation. Policy modules are also used to parse any supplemental information provided within a request and set properties on the certificate accordingly.

Extension Handlers

Extension handlers work in tandem with the policy module to set custom extensions on a certificate. Each extension handler acts as a template for the custom extensions that should appear in a certificate. The policy module must load the appropriate extension handler when it is needed.

Exit Modules

Exit modules publish completed certificates and CRLs through any number of transports or protocols. By default, the server notifies each exit module installed on the server whenever a certificate or CRL is published.
Certificate Server provides a Component Object Model (COM) interface for writing custom exit modules for different transports/protocols or custom delivery options. For example, an LDAP exit module might be used to publish only client certificates in a Directory Service and not server certificates. In this case, the exit module can use the COM interface to determine the type of certificate that the server is issuing and filter out any that are not client certificates.

Windows Media publishing point

To create a new publishing point (to stream Windows Media files) in Windows Media Services 9
by using the MMC snap-in:

1.On the Start menu of your Windows 2003 Server, go to Programs -> Administrative
Tools -> Windows Media Services to open the snap-in.

2. In the console tree, expand the server to which you want to add the publishing point,
and then click Publishing Points.

3.On the Action menu, click Add Publishing Point (Wizard), and complete the wizard to add your desired publishing point.

Choosing Dedicated Server

When choosing a dedicated server, there are several things to consider: Operating System, Hardware options, Space, and bandwidth.

The Operating System of a server is similar to that on your personal computer have that enables one to perform tasks more simply.

There are many server operating systems available today including Linux-based and Windows-based software. The operating system you choose should be directly relational to what operations your server will be performing, which types of software you’ll need to install and also, what you’re more comfortable with.

Hardware Options are also something to consider when choosing a dedicated server. You’ll need to pick a processor that’s up to the task, the amount of memory you wish installed, firewall options, and the size of the hard drive.

A certain amount of bandwidth is generally included when renting or leasing a dedicated server
Once you ascertained how much bandwidth you will require, you can adjust that limit with your service provider.

  • The cost factor is the most concerning factor for dedicated hosting. But cost can be amortized by having a large website.
  • Security of Data and equipment.
  • High Bandwidth.For transfer of data from dedicated server high bandwidth is required.
  • Trust in the knowledge and integrity of the web hosting provider.
  • Technical support from the web hosting provider.It should be 24/7/365.It should be easily accessible also.
  • Speed and Uptime.It should be at least 99.9%.
  • See if the web hosting service provider is offering round the clock customer support.
  • Take reviews of the hosting company.
  • Watch out for those web hosting companies that offer or boast a never-ending backup of RAM and CPU.

 If the rate of a web hosting plan and the offer they put forward regarding server resources are not congruent, it can be safely assumed that the plan is a scam.

 Hosting companies should provide 'unlimited bandwidth and memory space'.

 Choose the host which is relatively old in this field, because new hosts do not provide cheap plans.

Website security issue

Https is a method to encrypt information in transit and in no way does it apply to securing a server! By default TCP port would 443 while unsecured would be 80. This SSL certificates can be created via Linux using such tools as OpenSSL If I am not mistaken its free.

Password protect, do you mean to restrict a particular portion of your site and to use a password as a form of authentication? If you so, you always use .htaccess to configure that kind stuff.

Now, securing a server. I mean physically securing your server say you have your dedicated box. There are a lot of factors to take into consideration. Your OS, what level of security you want and such.

It could be as simple as blocking specific ports on your server to a more complex task such as to lock down PHP and use mod_security with apache or securing your TMP partitions.

An SSL certificate associated with your website. SSL (Secure Sockets Layer protocol) is a standard for transmitting confidential data such as credit card numbers over the Internet. Most true business sites support this feature which allows more security in data transmitted over the web. SSL uses a private key to encrypt data that is transferred over the SSL connection.

You need to make sure, that you get dedicated IP, as the SSL requires dedicated IP, as name-based hosting does not support data encryption in HTTP requests.

The H-Sphere control panel allows you to use the certificate you already have or create a temporary certificate and then acquire a permanent certificate from a trusted authority. You can use Shared SSL certificate instead of purchasing a certificate of your own.

If it is allowed in your plan, you can also buy and install a permanent Comodo Certificate directly from your CP.

Load balancing Linux Hosting

A load balancer can distribute connections among two or more servers, proportionally cutting the work each has to do. Load balancing can h...